The evaluation of dental health is extremely important for a healthy lifestyle. Dental X-Rays help you understand the patient’s oral health. Dental X-Rays (radiographs) are images of the teeth that the dentist utilizes in order to study the well-being of the patient’s teeth. For this purpose, Dental X Ray machines are used to produce images of the teeth. These Dental X-Ray machines are of various types and getting the right type of Dental X ray machine for your practice is a crucial step. To understand which kind of Dental X-Ray machine to buy, it is important to understand the specific design and purpose of each Dental X-Ray machine.
Usually, Dental X-Ray machines are either intraoral or extraoral.
Different types of Dental X-Ray Equipment:
- Intraoral Dental Equipment: Dental X-Ray machines capture the images using a piece of film, sensor or a phosphor plate that has been kept inside the mouth of the patient. These intraoral Dental X-Ray machines are of two kinds which are periapical X-Ray equipment and handheld X-Ray equipment. Periapical X-Ray equipment has an X-Ray sensor attached to the swing arm’s end while the arm is mounted to a levelled surface such as a wall, a rolling stand or a cabinet. This equipment works on intraoral X-Rays to produce three kinds of X-Ray images which are Bitewing, Periapical and Occlusal.
- Bitewing images show X-Rays of the upper and lower back teeth and help you judge issues that have been caused by gum diseases, infections, bone loss and misalignment.
- Periapical images display the complete set of the patient teeth to you. The images comprise of the root structure, the crowns, and bone support. They help you understand the problems beneath the gum line or in the jaws.
- Occlusal images show you the roof or floor of the patient’s mouth. They help you to figure out any extra teeth, jaw fractures, foreign objects or pre-emergent teeth.
Contrarily, the Handheld X-Ray equipment needs lesser space and one Handheld X-Ray equipment can be used as a replacement for multiple stationary units. The fundamental parts of a handheld device are an X-Ray tube assembly, a protective shield at the end of the cone and an irradiation switch on the body. Handheld equipment is cost-friendly, portable and flexible and provides better care to your patients. Also, the patients feel less intimidated about the process because while using this equipment the operator stays in the room, instead of going behind a wall during exposure. Therefore, handheld X-Rays are the ideal equipment for patients who might be having difficulty with X-Rays. Such patients may include those with geriatric, pediatric or with special needs. Furthermore, when the operator is present in the room, the number of retakes gets reduced and the efficiency and workflow are improved and time gets saved.
- Extraoral Dental Equipment: Dental X-Ray machines capture images from outside of the patient’s mouth. While some of them have generic uses, some are specific in their design. Some of these are:
- Panoramic X-Rays: This X-Ray mechanism shows you a wide view, of the entire teeth set, comprising of all the teeth, the complete jaw, nasal cavity and the temporomandibular joints (TMJ). These X-Rays display a wide range of oral issues.
- Cephalometric X-Rays: Taken with a panoramic X-Ray machine which is used with a sensor or a special film mounted on a mechanical arm, these X-Rays capture a view of the entire dental structure. They also show you the face profile and are used to plan and treat oral surgery, orthodontic procedures, and maxillofacial surgery.
- Dental Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT): CBCT is an extremely technical and specialized X-Ray machine. It is used to capture 3D images of the bone structure, teeth, nerve paths and the surrounding tissue, all of which it displays in a single scan. You can utilise CBCT in specialized procedures and treatments such as diagnosing TMJ disorders, dental implant placements, oral or reconstructive surgery, and pathology.
These developments in Dental X-Ray technology help you in advancing oral treatment as well as in improving patient experiences. Given the complex field of dentistry, it thus becomes imperative for you to have the right Dental X-Ray machine for a smooth dental practice.